The Venerable Mother Catherine Elizabeth McAuley (29 September 1778, - 11 November 1841), was an Irish nun, who founded the Sisters of Mercy in 1831. The Order has always been associated with teaching, especially in Ireland, where the nuns taught Catholics (and at times Protestants) at a time when education was mainly reserved for members of the established Church of Ireland.
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The Mater Misericordiae University Hospital is a major teaching hospital, based at Eccles Street, Phibsboro, on the northside of Dublin, Ireland. Mater misericordiae means "mother of mercy", in Latin.
The hospital stands next to the Children's Hospital, and has provided public hospital care to adult patients for more than 150 years. It was established by the Sisters of Mercy as a Roman Catholic voluntary hospital within the health system of Ireland. It is associated with the National University of Ireland, University College Dublin and provides national tertiary care in many branches of medicine. The first endoscope was used in the Mater. The hospital is mentioned by Buck Mulligan in James Joyce's Ulysses.
The Mater Hospital is a tertiary referral centre for cardiothoracic surgery as well as housing the National Spinal injuries unit. It also houses the national heart and lung transplant programme. The National Pulmonary Hypertension Unit is also the leading centre in this area in Ireland. It also is a major centre for cardiology offering the only 24 hour, 365 days per year interventional cardiology service in the country. It is also expected to be the first public hospital in Ireland to offer percutaneous heart valve replacement in the coming weeks. It offers regional dermatology and ophthalmology service. As well as nephrology, neurology, respiratory medicine, endocrinology and diabetology, GI medicine and hepatology and infectious diseases, which contains a new multi million euro negative pressure ventilation ward to house the national bioterrorism unit.